See also Teacher's


Harvey Comics

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Harvey's flagship character, Casper the Friendly Ghost, in There's Good Boos To-Night (1948).

Harvey Comics (also known as Harvey Publications) was an American comic book publisher, founded by Alfred Harvey in 1941, after buying out small publisher Brookwood Publications. His brothers Robert B. Harvey and Leon Harvey joined soon after. The company soon got into licensed characters, which by the 1950s, became the bulk of their output. Their most prolific artist was Warren Kremer.

Among its best-known characters are Casper the Friendly Ghost, Baby Huey, Herman and Katnip, Little Audrey, Tommy Tortoise and Moe Hare, and characters from Modern Madcaps.These characters originated as licensed properties, having been created by Paramount Pictures' Famous Studios animation studio in the late-1940s and early 1950s. Harvey published several successful comic books based upon the Famous characters, and also developed original properties such as Richie Rich and Little Dot.

Harvey also licensed popular characters from newspaper comic strips, such as Mutt and Jeff and Sad Sack. While the company has tried to diversify the comics it published (with brief forays in the 50s and 60s into superhero, suspense, horror, western and the like under their Thrill Adventure and Harvey Thriller line), kid comics have been the bulk of their output.

In 1959, Harvey purchased the entire Famous line (including character rights and rights to the cartoon shorts). The Famous cartoons were repackaged and distributed to television as Harveytoons, and Harvey continued production on new comics and a handful of new cartoons produced for television. Casper the Friendly Ghost, who had been Famous' most popular original character, now became Harvey's top draw. Associated characters such as Spooky the Tuff Little Ghost, The Ghostly Trio, Casper's horse Nightmare, Hot Stuff the Little Devil, and Wendy the Good Little Witch were added to the Harvey line.

For years, the distribution rights to The Harveytoons Show were licensed to Worldvision Enterprises. Worldvision would hold distribution rights to many earlier Famous Studios cartoons (plus most of the cartoons by Fleischer Studios) for a short time, until being absorbed by the television division of Paramount Pictures, which originally distributed the cartoons.

Classic Media now owns full distribution rights to the Harveytoons, including video and TV releases.

The original Harvey company was sold in 1990, and became Harvey Entertainment. They published comics in the early-1990s as Harvey Classics. In 2001, Harvey Entertainment sold its Harvey properties and rights to the Harvey name to Classic Media, which licenses characters from the Harvey library. Harvey Entertainment then changed its name to Sunland Entertainment.[1]

Sad Sack is still owned by the successors of the Harvey family, as is Black Cat.

Harvey's mascot is Joker, a harlequin jack-in-the-box character, reminiscent of the mascot/logo for Paramount Pictures/Famous Studios' Noveltoons series of animated cartoons of the 1940s-1960s. Today, Entertainment Rights PLC's Classic Media now owns the animated catalog.

Classic Media, Inc. is an American production company and distributor of family programming. Formed in 1998 after acquiring Golden Books Family Entertainment, their library consists of properties which they acquired from other companies, including Entertainment Rights, Harvey Comics, Jay Ward Productions, and many others.

On December 14, 2006, it was announced that Classic Media (CM) would be acquired by UK-based rival Entertainment Rights (ER) for $210.0 million, and the deal was completed on January 11, 2007. Before the acquisition of CM by ER was completed, both companies announced distribution and production agreements with Genius Products, LLC, replacing the deal with Sony Wonder.[1]


On April 1, 2009, it was announced that Boomerang Media, LLC would acquire Entertainment Rights' principal U.K. and U.S. subsidaries, including Classic Media, Inc. and Big Idea, Inc. [1][2] Boomerang Media, LLC was formed by the founders of subsidiary CM. On May 11, 2009, CM announced that the former U.K. and U.S. subsidiaries of ER would operate as a unified business under the new parent company's name, Classic Media. Big Idea, Inc. would operate under its own name. [3][4]

Boomerang Media, L.L.C. is an American media company founded by John Engleman, Eric Ellenbogen, and the private equity firm GTCR in 2008. Boomerang Media specializes in global media and video distribution. In 2009 Boomerang Media and Big Idea Productions will release Minnesota Cuke and the Search for Noah's Umbrella.

Genius Products (also known as Genius Entertainment) is a home video company based in Santa Monica, California.

On December 5, 2005, Genius Products, Inc., (OTCBB: GNPI

) announced a distribution joint venture with The Weinstein Company called Genius Products, LLC, with Weinstein holding a 70% stake.[1] The transaction was approved by stockholders and was closed on July 24, 2006.[2] The high-profile movies from Weinstein helped Genius Products to open the doors to major retailers like Wal-Mart and Target.[3]

Genius also releases DVDs for other companies, including Entertainment Rights, Classic Media, Sesame Workshop, ESPN, Discovery Communications, ImaginAsian, World Wrestling Entertainment and IFC Films.

In 2009, GNPR Investments acquired 60% of Genius Products, LLC, with TWC owning 15% and Genius Products, Inc., holding 25%.[4]




Tegel Foods Limited is a PEP owned company based in New Zealand. It employs approximately 1,700 people at locations across New Zealand.


Tegel was criticized[when?] by Auckland Animal Action, an animal liberation group, after video footage revealed “shocking conditions” on its broiler farms.[citation needed]

Sue Kedgley MP, New Zealand Green Party Animal Welfare Spokesperson, lodged a complaint with the New Zealand Advertising Standards Complaints Board in February 2002 about allegedly misleading Tegel promotions.[1]

Chicken Recipes




For many of us, Turkey is perceived as a traditional Christmas and Thanksgiving fare, cooked only on special occasions. In reality, Turkey is a lean and versatile protein that invites its use all year round.

Pacific Equity Partners (PEP) is a private equity investment firm focusing on leveraged buyout and growth capital transactions primarily in the Australia and New Zealand. Nordic invests across a broad array of industries and will invest in turnaround and growth capital transactions.

PEP is based in Sydney, Australia with an office in Auckland, New Zealand and was founded in 1998 by Simon Pillar, Rickard Gardell, Paul McCullagh and Tim Sims. The majority of the firm's founders originally worked together at consulting firm Bain & Company.

The firm has approximately AUD 5.6 billion billion of capital under management and was among the 50 largest private equity firms globally.

External links

Pacific Equity Partners

The Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan (OTPP), commonly referred to as Teachers', is the organization responsible for administering pensions for public school teachers of Ontario. The OTPP also invests the plan's pension fund, making it one of the largest and most powerful investment groups currently operating in Canada. The plan is a multi-employer pension plan, jointly sponsored by the Government of Ontario and the Ontario Teachers' Federation.



Hostess Baking Company

The Hostss Baking Company began in Japan, when female secretaries working for the government used paper stencils to reproduce copyright works and newsletters. Later they started distributing homemade baking products.

The Gestetner, named for its inventor David Gestetner, is a duplicating machine.

The Gestetner brand has been owned by Ricoh since 1995.

In Europe, Gestetner Group became NRG Group which as of 1 April 2007 became Ricoh Europe.

On April 1, 2007, Ricoh merged its Gestetner dealer network with the Lanier dealer network that had theretofore been selling Lanier-branded products on behalf of Ricoh for the North American market. Ricoh indicated that the merger's rationale was based on the fact that both "Gestetner and Lanier brands have been marketing identical products for many years." Thus, Gestetner USA customers can simply substitute Lanier-branded products for previous Gestetner-branded products.[1]






Yates was founded in Auckland, New Zealand by Arthur Yates in 1883. In 1887, he opened a branch in Sussex St, Sydney, and left his brother, Ernest, in charge of the New Zealand store. They came to an agreement to run the stores separately until the 1980s, when the two companies joined together again.

By 1893 Arthur started selling his seed packets for home gardeners. Yates began to sell other gardening items apart from seeds, and the range soon included fertiliser, sprays, pots, potting mix and tools. In 1895, the Yates Garden Guide was published, a basic gardening guide. The guide is still published today, after 110 years.[1]

1985 Yates New Zealand purchased by Equiticorp New Zealand

1989 Yates New Zealand acquired by Australia following collapse of Equiticorp New Zealand 

1993 Yates floated on Australian Stock Exchange 

1995 Celebrated centenary of Yates NZ Garden Guide 

1998 Sale of Billy Peach Pet Business 

1998 Acquisition of Watkins New Zealand Ltd

2001 Scheme of Arrangement with Norgard Clohessy Equity Limited. NCE changed its name to Yates Limited

2003 Sale of Yates Vegetable Seeds 

2003 Yates Limited sold Yates Australia & New Zealand to Orica Australia Pty Ltd 





Initially formed over 130 years ago as Jones, Scott and Co., a supplier of explosives during the Victorian gold rush, the company was bought by Nobel. Nobel later merged with several British chemical manufacturers to form Imperial Chemical Industries, and in 1928 the Australian operation was renamed Imperial Chemical Industries of Australia and New Zealand (ICIANZ), which became ICI Australia in 1971. In July 1997, ICI sold its stake in the Australian operation, which then changed its name to Orica, and the new company acquired ICI's global explosives operations. The aim was to find a short, sharp and memorable name that gave an impression of the business. Feedback indicated that the name Orica evoked words such as the future, knowledge, expertise and technology, all of which were considered positive attributes. Unofficially, the name "Orica" is said to be derived from "Originally ICI Australia".

Main article: ICI House

ICI House (now Orica House) is a 20-storey office building in East Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. It was the tallest building in Australia upon completion in 1958, and the first to break Melbourne's long standing height limit.[1] It was one of the earliest fully glazed commercial skyscrapers in Australia. 

Its 19 storeys broke through the previous legal limit of 11 to 12 storeys, resulting in Melbourne becoming the first Australian city to change its height limits. It was not until 1962, that the first tall building was completed in Sydney.


Harvey World Travel

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Harvery Farms started life a Temco, a poultry processing factory and feed supplier owned by the Tauranga Egg Marketing Co-Operative. It was sold to Yates in 


Harvey Farms is now Ingham Feedstocks



Inghams is a multifaceted company that is today a large and significant contributor to the food industry and in particular the poultry industry with over 7,000 employees and operating in all States in Australia and New Zealand.

Ingham Enterprises is an Australian-based poultry supplier and producer. The company was founded in 1918 by Walter Ingham. On his death in 1953, his two sons, Jack and Bob Ingham took over the small breeding operation and built it into the largest producer of chickens and turkeys in Australia. Headquartered in Sydney's Liverpool, the company has annual sales of more than $1.5 billion and a workforce in excess of six thousand people.

1995: Due to enormous popularity, Inghams built a dedicated plant strictly to produce McDonald’s nuggets.

Late 1990s: Inghams most well-known thoroughbred horse, Octagonal, became a household name with 28 starts, 24 wins, 7 seconds and 1 third placement resulting in nearly $6 million in earnings. In 1995-1996, it was voted Australian Champion Three Year Old and Australian Champion Racehorse of the Year.

2001: Ingham established Murarrie poultry processing plant, the largest in the country with the most sophisticated machinery, production and supply chain technologies employing approximately 1,200 workers.

2003: Jack Ingham dies at age 74; the company entered the New Zealand[1] market which at that time was dominated by Tegel Foods. In 2005, Tegel had 65% market share in New Zealand.[citation needed]

2004-05: Lonhro, son of Octagonal, had 35 starts with 26 wins, 3 seconds and 2 thirds earning nearly the same amount as his father.

2008: Dubai’s Sheikh bought Inghams’ thoroughbred horse breeding business, incorporating it into the Darley Stud.

Another passion – horses:

Jack and Bob’s passion for horseracing began during the days they’d spend with their father at the race tracks. Along with the poultry business, the brothers also inherited Valiant Rose, which was a descendent broodmare of a champion British racehorse. In the 1960, they began building their thoroughbred horse racing and breeding operations. This passion became the largest thoroughbred dynasty in Australia until Bob sold the entire operation in 2008.

The Brands of Interstate Bakeries Corporation

In the United States, these include:

Other Brands Manufactured by IBC

  • Marie Callender’s
  • Holsum
  • Sun-Maid
  • Roman Meal

Sun-Maid Growers of California is a cooperative of raisin growers headquartered in Kingsburg, California. It was founded in 1912 as the California Associated Raisin Company. As a cooperative, Sun-Maid is owned by family farmers who grow raisin grapes all located within 100 miles (200 km) of each other in the Central Valley of California, midway between Los Angeles to the south and San Francisco to the north.

By 1918, facilities had become inadequate for the rapidly growing enterprise. The company opened a new facility near downtown Fresno, which was recognized at the time as the "finest factory building west of Detroit."

In 1964, further modernization of processes and growth of the cooperative lead to the construction of, and move to, a new facility in neighboring Kingsburg. This new location was voted one of America’s top new plants by Factory Magazine that year.

Original packaging of Sun-Maid raisins featuring Lorraine Collett as the Sun-Maid Girl

The print image was updated in 1956 and again in 1970, using drawings made a decade earlier of model Delia von Meyer (Pacheco). [1]

In 2006, the iconic Sun-Maid girl was brought to life through computer-animated television commercials in which she walks and talks for the first time in her history.

Today, Sun-Maid is the largest raisin and dried fruit processor worldwide, and offers a full line of dried fruit products such as prunes, apricots, cranberries, apples, dates, tropical fruits, figs, and many others. The company sells its products to consumers and industrial customers in more than 60 countries around the globe, and maintains extensive brand licensing and food service operations.

Promotion in Motion, Inc. also produces a Sun-Maid raisins product where the raisins are covered with milk chocolate.


Discovery Communications Inc.

Discovery Communications, Inc. (DCI) (NASDAQDISCA

) is an American global media and entertainment company. The company started as a single channel in 1985, The Discovery Channel. Today, DCI has global operations offering 29 network entertainment brands on over 100 channels in over 170 countries in 33 languages for over 1.5 billion subscribers around the globe.[1] Discovery Communications is based in Silver Spring, MD. The company's slogan is: "The number-one nonfiction media company."[2]

DCI both produces original programming and acquires content from producers worldwide. This non-fiction programming is offered through DCI's 28 network entertainment brands, including Discovery Channel, TLC, Animal Planet, Discovery Health Channel, Travel Channel and a family of digital channels. DCI also distributes BBC America and BBC World to cable and satellite operators in the United States.

Discovery Networks U.S.

The company started out with just a single channel, The Discovery Channel, launched in 1985. In 1991, they aquired their rival The Learning Channel.

In the mid-90s, Discovery Communications started developing several new networks. The first of these to launch was Animal Planet, which was launched in cooperation with the BBC in 1996. In October 1996, four digital networks were launched: Discovery Kids Channel, Discovery Travel & Living Network, Discovery Civilization Network and Discovery Science Network.[3] This was followed by the 1998 launches of Discovery Wings Channel and Discovery Health Channel.

They also bought the Travel Channel in 1997, CBS Eye on People (became Discovery People) in 1998 and The Health Network (became FitTV) in 2001.

Discovery Networks were early to go into high-definition television with the launch of Discovery HD Theater in 2002. With the launch of high-definition simulcasts of Discovery Channel, TLC, Animal Planet and Science Channel in 2007, the original HD channel changed its name to HD Theater.

All of the channels are in the process of being overhauled and "made over".[9]

The networks have evolved from being offshoots of the Discovery Channel, into separate entities with their identities. The "Discovery" moniker has gradually been dropped from channel names. For some time, some networks kept the globe in their logo to signal their affiliation to Discovery Networks, but this practice has also been gradually discontinued.

Discovery Networks U.S. operates 13 channels [10]

. According to SEC filings, the division "also operates web sites related to its channel businesses and various other new media businesses, including a video-on-demand offering distributed by various cable operators."

On October 15, 2007, Discovery Communications completed their purchase of HowStuffWorks for US$250 million.[5] The company later chose to use the name HowStuffWorks as the title of a television series on Discovery Channel. The series, which focuses on commodities,[6] premiered in November 2008 and is similar in style and content to other "how it works" programs like Modern Marvels.[7]

On March 17, 2009, Discovery revealed that it owned the rights to several patents related to e-books, in announcing a patent infringement lawsuit against Amazon.com, maker of the Kindle e-book reading device. The patents were originally developed by the company's founder John Hendricks; the specific patent in question in the suit was applied for in 1999 but issued in late 2007.[8][9]




Serbia Broadband

Type LLC
Founded 2000
Headquarters Belgrade, Serbia
Key people Dragan Šolak (CEO)
Vladan Aleksić (Internet and data division manager)
Industry Communications Services
Products Cable TV
Digital Cable
Direct To Home
Broadband Internet
IT/Network services
Employees 700
Website www.sbb.rs

SBB (full legal name: Serbia Broadband -

SBB (full legal name: Serbia Broadband - Srpske kablovske mreže d.o.o.)[1] is the leading[citation needed] cable TV and broadband Internet provider in Serbia.

Ownership structure:

Power line communication or power line carrier (PLC), also known as Power line Digital Subscriber Line (PDSL), mains communication, power line telecom (PLT), or power line networking (PLN), is a system for carrying data on a conductor also used for electric power transmission. Broadband over Power Lines (BPL) uses PLC by sending and receiving information bearing signals over power lines to provide access to the Internet


The mimeo machine (mimeograph) used heavy waxed-paper "stencils" that the typewriter cut through. The stencil was wrapped around the drum of the (manual or electrical) machine, which forced ink out through the cut marks on the stencil. The paper had a surface texture (like bond paper), and the ink was black and odourless. A person could use special knives to cut stencils by hand, but handwriting was impractical, because any loop would cut a hole and thus print a black blob. If the user put the stencil on the drum wrong-side-out, the copies came out mirror-images.

The ditto machine (spirit duplicator) used two-ply "spirit masters" or "ditto masters". The first sheet could be typed, drawn, or written upon. The second sheet was coated with a layer of colored wax. The pressure of writing or typing on the top sheet transferred colored wax to its back side, producing a mirror image of the desired marks. (This acted like a reverse of carbon paper.) The two sheets were then separated, and the first sheet was fastened onto the drum of the (manual or electrical) machine, with the waxed side out.

The usual wax color was aniline purple, a cheap, durable pigment that provided good contrast, but other colors were available. Unlike mimeo, ditto had the useful ability to print multiple colors in a single pass, which made it popular with cartoonists. One well-made ditto master could at most print about 500 copies--far fewer than a mimeo stencil could manage.



Hostess Baking Company

Hostess is a brand of the Interstate Bakeries Corporation in the United States, known for its line of snack foods, such as Twinkies, CupCakes, Chocodiles, Ding Dongs, HoHos, Suzy Q's, Sno Balls, Zingers, donettes, Mini Muffins, Hostess Fruit Pies, Pudding Pies, and Doughnuts.

Hostess' signature CupCakes - with their distinctive seven vanilla "squiggles" swirling atop a layer of chocolate icing - are reputed by their maker to be the best selling snack cake in history.

Interstate Bakeries Corporation (IBC) is the largest wholesale baker and distributor of fresh bakery products in the United States, and is the owner of the Hostess, Wonder Bread, Dolly Madison, Butternut Breads, and Drake's brands. For many years it was based at 12 East Armour Boulevard, Kansas City, Missouri. After it emerged from bankruptcy in 2009 it announced plans to move to Dallas, Texas.

Schulze Baking Company Plant is a factory building located on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois, United States. It is located at 40 East Garfield Boulevard (also described as 55th Street and Wabash Avenue)[2] in the Washington Park community area in Cook County. Built in 1914, the building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on November 12, 1982. Originally built for the Schulze Baking Company, it is now the home of the Butternut Bread Company.[3]

The building features a terra cotta exterior with ornamentation that pays tribute to Louis Sullivan.[4] The original flooring is made of reinforced concrete.[2] In the early 21st Century, the building fell into a state of disrepair.[5]

On September 22, 2004, Interstate Bakeries filed for chapter 11 bankruptcy. The company also named a new chief executive. James R. Elsessor, who had taken over as CEO for Charles Sullivan, was replaced by Tony Alvarez. Interstate Bakery's stock, which had been at one time $34/share, fell to $2.05/share as they declared bankruptcy. At the time it was the longest bankruptcy in US history.

The company emerged from bankruptcy as a private company on February 3, 2009.[7]. The plan included a 50 percent equity stake by Ripplewood Holdings and lines/loans by General Electric Capital and GE Capital Markets, Silver Point Finance and Monarch Master Funding. Interstate's union workers have made concessions in exchange for equity. [8]

Since declaring bankrupty Interstate closed nine of it 54 bakeries and more than 300 outlet stores and sliced its work force from 32,000 to 22,000 and pulled out of some markets including Los Angeles where it no longer sells bread



Casper the friendly ghost

Numerous Casper cartoons were released on home video by Universal Pictures (via MCA Inc.), which also adapted the friendly ghost into a live-action feature film entitled Casper in 1995, where he and his wicked uncles, the Ghostly Trio, were done with computer animation. The film constructed a backstory for Casper and is the only time in the series that the question of his death has been addressed. According to the film, Casper was a twelve-year-old boy living in Whipstaff Manor with his inventor father J. T. McFadden until he died from pneumonia after playing out in the cold until it was past nightfall. Much of the backstory he is given in the film is contradicted by other Casper media. Whipstaff Manor appears to represent the historic Schroeppel Mansion in Syracuse, New York, which is a national monument. McFadden seems to be the name the writers used because the actual family named von Schroeppel lost a twelve year old son named Casper to drowning in Morristown, New York, who is said to haunt the family's estate in Syracuse. Casper was a name that could be used but not the actual name of the family.

In 1995, Fox created a new Casper series, based on the 1995 feature, that lasted two years. Two live-action direct-to-video follow-ups, Casper: A Spirited Beginning and Casper Meets Wendy, which introduced Hilary Duff, to the film were later made. They were followed by Casper's Haunted Christmas (starring Spooky and Poil from the animated spinoff of the first movie), and Casper's Scare School, which were done entirely in CGI with no live-action elements. These films are often referred to as being "sequels" to the 1995 feature despite the fact that they heartily contradict the feature and do not appear to even take place in the same (cartoon) universe.

In 2001, Harvey Entertainment was acquired by Classic Media LLC which continues to license the Harvey properties including Casper.[2]

In 2007, Moonscoop, in association with Classic Media, TF1 et DQ, produced a TV show of 52 X 12' named (Casper's Scare School).



RENT $14
Price $180

With 1 house     $70
With 2 houses   $200
With 3 houses   $550
With 4 houses   $750
With HOTEL $950
Mortgage value $90
Houses cost $100 each
Hotels, $100 plus 4 houses

Counter: Horse/


The History Channel

The History Channel launch logo, used from January 1, 1995 until February 16, 2008 in the United States. Still used in other markets.

Launched on January 1, 1995, the channel is owned by A&E joint venture (Hearst, Disney, NBC)[1] and operates, in various forms, in the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Portugal, Israel, Spain, Italy, The Netherlands, and Latin America. The network was also available in South Asia under a deal between STAR TV and AETN International until November 21, 2008. The channel has consistently produced prime time ratings in the U.S. comparable to or higher than the A&E Network itself.[citation needed]


National Geographic Channel
National Geographic Channel logo
Launched January 1, 1997[citation needed]
Owned by National Geographic Television & Film (50%)
Fox Cable Networks (News Corporation) (50%)
Picture format 480i (SD)
720p (HD)
Slogan "Think again."
"Dare to Explore"
Website http://www.natgeotv.com
DirecTV Channel 276 (SD/HD)
Channel 1276 (VOD)
Dish Network Channel 186 (SD)
5334 (HD)
Foxtel Digital Channel 612
Astro (Malaysia) Channel 553
Tata Sky (India) Channel 551
SKY Italia (Italy) Channel 402
Channel 403 (NGC +1)
TrueVisions (Thailand) Channel 49
Indovision (Indonesia) Channel 19
Astro Nusantara (Indonesia) Channel 24
DStv (South Africa) Channel 260
Cyfra+ Channel 91
SKY Network Television (New Zealand) Channel 072
Digital + (Spain) Channel 61
Digiturk (Turkey)

Channel 28
Dish TV (India) Channel 631
SKY Perfect (Japan) Channel 741
SkyLife (South Korea)
CBTV Satellite (China) Channel 306
SkyTV (Brazil) Channel 51
SKY Latin America Channel 254
NTV Plus (Russia and Ukraine)
CanalSat (France) Channel 68
DigitAlb (Albania) Channel 10
Meo (Portugal) 122
Directv (Latinamerica) 730
TotalTV (Serbia) Channel 27
Available on most cable systems Check Local Listings for channels
now TV (Hong Kong) Channel 215 (SD)
Channel 218 (HD)
Mozaic TV+ (Qatar) Channel 249
IndosatM2 (Indonesia) Channel 126
Meo (Portugal) 122
OpenIPTV (Serbia) Channel 602

National Geographic Channel, also commercially abbreviated as Nat Geo, is a subscription television channel that airs non-fiction television programs produced by the National Geographic Society. Like History and the Discovery Channel, the channel features documentaries involving nature, science, culture, and history.


90,000 subscribers

TotalTV is the first Serbian Direct To Home (DTH) platform, offering over 50 digital TV channels via satellite. Owner of platform is the largest Serbian cable operator Serbia Broadband - Srpske kablovske mreže (SBB).

SBB (full legal name: Serbia Broadband - Srpske kablovske mreže d.o.o.)[1] is the leading[citation needed] cable TV and broadband Internet provider in Serbia.

Ownership structure:

TotalTV is using the NDS Group VideoGuard system of scrambling. Platform is broadcast via Eutelsat W2 satellite (16.0E). In addition to Serbia, TotalTV is also available in Slovenia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia.

Competition: Digi TV (50,000 subscribers)

Digi TV is a DTH platform of RCS&RDS, a Romanian cable, telephony, and Internet provider.




Telecom New Zealand (NZX: TEL

) is a Wellington, New Zealand-based telephone company and, through its subdivision Xtra, an internet service provider. It has been run as a publicly-traded private company since 1990. It is also New Zealand's second largest mobile operator. Telecom is the largest company by value on the New Zealand Exchange (NZX) and movements in its share price have a great influence on the index of movements in the top 50 companies. Further, it is the 39th largest telecommunications company in the OECD.[6]

Telecom was formed in 1987 from a division of the New Zealand Post Office and privatised in 1990. The selling price is still considered by many to be extremely low, given that Telecom had a monopoly of all phone lines in New Zealand at the time.[citation needed] Some consider that the decision to privatise Telecom was a mistake and that it would have been better to keep Telecom as a government entity.[citation needed] Others consider that the capital requirements to modernise the network were better provided by private enterprise than the government.[citation needed]

On 31 March 2008, Telecom was operationally separated into three divisions under local loop unbundling initiatives by central government – Telecom Retail; Telecom Wholesale; and Chorus

, the network infrastructure division.



Xtra Limited (trading as Xtra), is New Zealand's largest Internet service provider, a wholly owned subsidiary of Telecom New Zealand. Xtra offers various internet services including ADSL and dial-up connections within New Zealand and has been doing so since its inception in the mid 1990s.

The name Xtra is also used with the separate entity Yahoo!Xtra, a joint venture web portal between Telecom (49% stake) and Yahoo!7 (51% stake). The venture was formed in December 2006 replacing the XtraMSN web portal and includes additional features for Xtra broadband customers.[1]

In 2008 Telecom dropped the Xtra brand name from products and services, using Telecom instead (Xtra broadband became Telecom broadband for example).[2]

XtraMSN was one of the trading names of Telecom New Zealand's ISP Xtra, and was used as the branding for its default home page for customers. The present name came from a deal between Xtra and MSN, a merger of Xtra's homepage xtra.co.nz

with Microsoft New Zealand's msn.co.nz



 Despite being told by the courts in the USA that it does not have any legal right to JavaScript, Microsoft continues to distribute it's web browser.

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